Hatch Year: 2001
Arrival to WBS: 2001
Sex: Female
Reason for Residence: hatched in captivity

Lenore was hatched at Natural Encounters, and was acquired along with her siblings to become educational ambassadors. She worked extensively with trainers from an early age in order for her to gain confidence in crowds and around guests. This was wildly successful, and coupled with corvid’s high intelligence, Lenore quickly became a cornerstone of many of our educational programs! She learned behaviors such as collecting and recycling plastic bottles and aluminum cans on stage, arm to arm flights, and even learned to collect donations for the Sanctuary with her beak and place them in a donation box. Ravens are excellent mimics, and Lenore learned many words from her trainers. Some of her favorite things to say are “hi” and “hello” as well as whistling and hooting.

As time went on Lenore tired of the fame she had acquired and lost interest in doing education programs. As such, she has been retired from the education team and lives behind the scenes where she gets daily enrichment and interactions with her favorite trainers. Her favorite pastimes are puzzle feeders and sitting on her favorite trainers’ laps.



Scientific Name: Corvus albicollis
Description: White-necked Ravens have a much shorter tail than the common raven, as well as a deeper bill with a white tip that is almost as strongly arched as that of the thick-billed raven. Though predominantly black, the throat, breast and neck show a faint purple gloss. There is a large patch of white feathers on the nape of the neck. Eyes are dark brown.
Sex: males slightly larger than females
Age: 25-50 years
Length: 20″-25″
Wingspan: 2.5′-3′
Weight: 1.5-2.5 lbs.
Habitat: cliffs and rocky escarpments, coastal hills, open country, including open mountain forest
Range: Occurs in eastern and southern Africa in open, mountainous country. It is quite commonly found in small towns and villages as long as there are mountains or hills for roosting and nesting relatively nearby.

Behavior: breeding season September & October to December; usually found in pairs, which remain on established territories year round; solitary nester; nest composed of twigs and branches in an inaccessible tree, or more often on a cliff ledge; 1-6 light green eggs, streaked and spotted olive, brown and gray are laid; incubation 19-21 days

Diet: Most of this bird’s food is obtained from the ground, but it will take food from trees as well. It has been seen to drop a tortoise from a height on to hard ground, preferably on rocks, and then swoop down to eat it, or even pick it up again if not sufficiently broken. White-necked ravens will also readily take carrion from road kills. Fruit, grain, insects, small reptiles, peanuts, and human food are also readily taken and the bird forages in back yards and gardens quite openly.

Vocalization: high-pitched “kroorh-kroorh” or “kraak-kraak-kraak”; many other vocalizations as well, including a deep, throaty, raspy croak

Fun Facts!
– Ravens figure prominently in folklore and legends; Native American folklore holds that the raven created the world and its creatures.

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